“The cradle of Empires”
The capital city of Bihar, Patna or Patliputra has been the birthplace of the most important kingdoms of India. Not just kingdoms, but also many religions including Buddhism and Jainism have been started in this region.
The capital city of Bihar, Patna is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. Originally known as Pataliputra, it played a major role in Indian culture and even today has great historical and religious significance. Having belonged to the blue family of cities with a royal heritage, it has an amazing past and various artefacts to provide a peek into the bygone era and also displays a brisk pace of modern development. Located on the banks of river Ganges, Patna is also an important pilgrimage centre and it is close to nearby religious centres of Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and the Buddhists like Bodh Gaya, Vaishali, Nalanda and Pawapuri. Patna is also the birthplace of the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh and hence an important pilgrimage for Sikhs.
Golghar, Patna Overview
Situated in the city of Patna, Golghar is a simple yet charming architecture which is an amalgam of history and natural beauty. It was built in 1786 by Captain John Garstin with the purpose of serving as a storehouse. Incidentally, Golghar was never filled to its maximum capacity as it is believed that due to an engineering fault the doors open inwards only, and if the granary were to be filled all the way, the doors will not open. In addition to being a magnanimous granary, the top of Golghar presents a wonderful panoramic view of the city and the Ganges. Owing to its peaceful location and sublime natural setting, Golghar is one of the many spots in the city which citizens visit to get a respite from the din of the city.
Rising from the midst of a lush green garden, the stupa- shaped structure of Golghar is an inviting sight to behold. It is encircled by a flight of 145 stairs that take you all the way up to the top, from where you can see a bird’s eye view of the entire city. The gentle wind blowing over the zenith as you behold the sight of the ancient city that lies ahead of you is a serene experience. In addition to this, you can also arrange for a picnic in the garden that this attraction lies in. In an effort to increase the visitor influx to Golghar, a light and sound show have been introduced here as well. Visit this destination for a quaint day out with friends and family.
Revolving restaurant, Patna Overview
A revolving restaurant, the biggest in the country is present here atop the tallest tower in Patna, on the 18th floor of Biskoman Bhawan. As set, the restaurant takes one revolution in 45, 60 or 90 minutes with the support of the German techniques.
Gandhi Maidan, Patna Overview
The Gandhi Maidan Park, located in the capital city of Patna on the banks of the river Ganges, is a famous historical venue spanning an area of about 60 acres. This park was frequented by several influential leaders of the Indian Independence Movement for launching political campaigns, freedom rallies, parades and holding religious ceremonies. Formerly known as Patna Lawns, the grounds house the tallest statue of Mahatma Gandhi in the world, a bronze figurine that rises to over 70 feet. Its popularity has affirmed its status as a prominent landmark and place of the attraction of the city.
Located near Ashok Rajpath in Moradpur, these grounds are approximately 2-3 kilometres from the city centre. During its heyday, distinguished state patriarchs namely Mahatma Gandhi, Maulana Azad, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Rajendra Prasad, Indira Gandhi and many more made their powerful voices heard in these lawns. It was said that a leader had not transpired until he/she had addressed a rally at the Patna Lawns, such was its presence. The flag raising ceremonies of Independence Day and Republic Day are held here by the Chief Minister and the Governor of Bihar.
Even today, it acts as a hub for political rallies and other major events. The 72-feet tall bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi lies in the south-western corner of the ground. It also has one of the eleven Gandhi Sangrahalayas (Gandhi Museums) in the north-western corner. Several exhibitions and fairs are also held here, the most famous of them being the fortnight-long Book Fair. The ground has Patna’s buzzing roads running around its circumference. A spot of choice for morning and evening joggers, it is best visited during these times. City dwellers head here for some necessary relaxation. It is open for playing and cricket played here is a delight to watch.
Patna Museum, Patna Overview
Situated in the city of Patna, Bihar, the Patna Museum, locally known as the Jadu Ghar is a very popular museum, storing more than 50,000 rare art objects, including Indian artefacts from the ancient, middle ages and the British colonial era. It was built in 1917 and was started on 3 April of the same year during the British rule to house the historical artefacts founded in Patna. This place is a must-visit for those who wish to experience the historical culture. The rich collection of the museum will take you back to the past to reminisce Indian history and glory.
Constructed in the style of Mughal and Rajput architecture, the museum has different galleries which contain masterpieces from the past. The Holy Relic Casket, with the sacred ashes of Lord Buddha and the beautiful statue, Yakshani, are the most highlighted attractions of the place. Archaeological objects such as coins, art objects, paintings, instruments, textiles, thankas, bronze sculptures and terracotta images by various Hindu and Buddhist artists are on display in the museum. Another one of the museum’s prized possession is a rare collection of British-period paintings depicting day-to-day life, along with a fine collection related to the first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad, and the First World War cannon.
Srikrishna Science Centre
Srikrishna Science Centre, Patna Overview
Built in 1978, Srikrishna Science Centre showcases a collection of wonderful exhibits to demonstrate various principles of science. It is very popular especially among the kids and offers a good educational tour.
Har Mandir Saheb (Patna Saheb Gurudwara)
Har Mandir Saheb (Patna Saheb Gurudwara), Patna Overview
This Gurudwara was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in remembrance of Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Patna being his birthplace. He was the 10th and the last Guru of Sikhs.
Many scriptures of the Sikhs can be viewed here. It is also among one of the 5 takhtas or holy seats of authority of the Sikhs. This place originally had the havelis of Salis Rai Jouri, who turned it into a Dharamshala as he was an ardent devotee of Guru Nanak Devji.
Mahatma Gandhi Setu
Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna Overview
The longest river bridge in India, the Mahatma Gandhi Setu connects the state capital Patna to Hajipur in the north of Bihar. It was approved by the Government in 1969, built by Gammon India Limited in a period of 10 years and inaugurated in 1982 by the then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi. The bridge is about 5,750m in length and over 80ft in width.
The primary purpose served by Mahatma Gandhi Setu is the connecting of the northern part of the state with the rest of it and a part of NH19. Before the construction of this bridge, the only link to North Bihar was Rajendra Setu which was operational from 1959.
Hosting four lanes of roadways and pedestrian pathways on each side, the bridge is an indispensable part of the daily vehicular transport. Earlier, there used to be toll gates, but the Government has revoked that. It provides some spectacular views of the sacred Ganga flowing underneath.
Buddha Smriti Udyan
Buddha Smriti Udyan, Patna Overview
Buddha Smriti Udyan also known as Buddha Memorial Park is a large and beautifully maintained park. It also houses a stupa and has separate grounds for meditation. This is also a place where the ashes of Buddha are kept. It lies in close proximity to the railway station.
Patna Planetarium, Patna Overview
Indira Gandhi Planetarium is located in Patna’s Indira Gandhi Science Complex. It was constructed through Bihar Council on Science & Technology at a total cost of about 11 Crores.
It was conceptualised in 1989 by Bihar Chief Minister Shri Satyendra Narain Sinha who laid the foundation stone in October 1989 and was inaugurated by Shri Laloo Prasad, the then Chief Minister of Bihar, on March 21, 1993.
The Planetarium was dedicated to the Nation and opened for the public from 1 April 1993.
It is named after senior Indian National Congress leader and former Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi. The Patna Planetarium is one of the largest planetariums in Asia. It attracts a large number of domestic as well as foreign tourists. The planetarium has regular film shows on subjects related to astronomy. It also holds exhibitions, which attracts lots of visitors. Patna Planetarium is located on Bailey Road near Income Tax Golambar in Patna within a distance of 8 km from Patna Airport, 1Ô_ km from Patna Railway Station, 2 km from Government Bus stand, and 10 km from Private Bus stand.
Indira Gandhi Planetarium is one of the largest planetariums in Asia. It attracts a large number of domestic as well as foreign tourists. It is located in Patna’s Indira Gandhi Science Complex which was conceptualised in 1989 by Bihar Chief Minister Shri Satyendra Narain Sinha.
The Planetarium was dedicated to the Nation. It is named after senior Indian National Congress leader and former Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi that is why its is also known as Indira Gandhi Planetarium and it was opened for the public on 1 April 1993.. The planetarium conducts regular film shows on astronomy. It also holds exhibitions, which attracts number of visitors.
The completion of its construction took 4 years and was finally inaugurated by the then chief minister of Bihar, Shri Laloo Prasad on 21st March 1993. The planetarium hosts various exhibitions and shows in the context of astronomy. This planetarium is situated 8 km from Patna and is closely located to all public portals. It is about 1.5 km away from Patna Railway Station and 2 km away from the public bus stand. This planetarium is located 10 km away from private bus stand, making it easily accessible for international as well as domestic tourists.
Kesaria Stupa, East Champaran
Kesaria Stupa, East Champaran, Patna Overview
Considered to be the tallest and biggest Buddhist Stupa in the world, Kesaria Stupa was built by the great ruler Ashoka. This is the place where Buddha in his last days donated his begging bowl.
The structure serves as a brilliant example of Buddhist architecture and is adorned with a large number of Buddhist statues. However, some of the parts are in ruined state as they were damaged by the invading Muslim rulers. This place was very recently discovered in the excavation done by ASI.